The brown recluse, or fiddleback spider, is one of the more dangerous spiders found in the United States. Though the spider has a fearsome reputation, it is actually quite shy and uninterested in human beings. Still, the brown recluse delivers a venomous bite that can cause massive tissue damage, and in extremely rare cases, death. With that said, it is very important to understand how to identify the brown recluse.
The brown recluse spider has a number of distinctive features that can help identify it. The first thing to know about the brown recluse spider is the formation of the eyes. The brown recluse actually has only six eyes instead of the spider norm of eight. They are situated on the head in sets of two.
The brown recluse also has a violen shaped marking on the head, and the neck of the violin stretches towards the abdomen. This marking is clearer on some than others, and they are not the only species of spider to have such markings.
The brown recluse spider is fairly small, with the total body width of about a quarter fully grown. (this is including the legs) The brown recluse also can vary wildly in color, from a light yellowish color to to a dark brown. Some are even reddish in tint. It depends on the age, location, and particular group of recluses. They are a variation of brown in most cases.
The brown recluse is just what their name implies – reclusive. They hide away in dark, dry places which leads them to contact with humans that leave clothing in open storage, or after climbing into a shoe.
While this dangerous spider is certainly a serious problem in some areas, the vast majority of brown recluses are never seen by human eyes. If you leave them alone, then chances are you will never get bitten. It is important to shake out anything that has been left sitting for a long time. This is true both for the brown recluse, and the other dangerous spider well known in the United States – the black widow.